Parkinson's disease patients are plagued by symptoms such as shaking, stiffness, trembling, and difficulty balancing and coordinating. Nearly 10 million people worldwide are affected by this disease, which is increasing every day.
Parkinson's disease is caused by the production of dopamine by our brain cells. Now you might be thinking, what is dopamine? So dopamine is a chemical messenger responsible for controlling movements and coordination. A decrease in dopamine leads to symptoms such as stiff muscles, tremors, difficulty with coordination and balance, and slowed movements.
Symptoms of this disease can also lead to depression and other mental health problems as they progress.
It is not known what causes this disease, but genetics and the environment may be involved. A number of risk factors are associated with this disease, including head injuries, exposure to chemicals, and family history.
The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease differ from person to person. They differ in severity and progression. Each person experiences different symptoms.
The symptoms and signs are broadly divided into two categories: motor and non-motor.
Some of the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are listed below –
Let's now take a look at the non-motor symptoms. Mood disturbances, cognitive difficulties, and sensory disturbances are generally included. Some others are listed below -
The reason for the diseases is still unknown, as we discussed earlier. Researchers and scientists identified a few of the factors that contribute to the development of the disease.
A genetic factor, an environmental factor, and a lifestyle factor constitute the main factors. Let's examine each factor one by one -
Genetics Factor: Some scientists and researchers say that this disease can be inherited from family members if they have a history of people suffering from this disease. And hence the disease can be inherited from the family member as well.
Environmental Factor: it is suggested to stay away from exposure to certain toxins, such as pesticides, insecticides, and herbicides increase the risk of this disease.
Lifestyle Factors: when we intake highly processed food and have an improper sleep schedule, this all results in contributing factors to Parkinson's disease.
Treating Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson's disease cannot be cured, but some treatments are available that help manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life.
Several medications can help reduce motor symptoms, such as stiffness and tremors. These include Levodopa, Carbidopa, and Sinemet.
Various physical therapies are also given to help strengthen and improve muscle flexibility, which helps improve mobility.
Parkinson's disease is also positively affected by other lifestyle changes. The non-motor symptoms commonly associated with our lifestyle are discussed above. You can improve your way of life by changing them. A healthy and balanced diet can improve our overall health and reduce our symptoms.
It is also possible to take supportive therapies, such as speech therapy and occupational therapy, to enhance our functioning and quality of life daily.
There is still no cure for Parkinson's disease, which affects thousands of people worldwide. Nevertheless, many changes have been made to improve life quality and provide treatment for it.
It can be a challenging journey for someone suffering from this illness, but support and resources are available, such as therapies and lifestyle changes. They will be able to manage the disease and enhance their quality of life.