A laceration develops when sharp objects cut the tissues. A blunt trauma can also lead to lacerations. An open wound reveals the tender tissues beneath, resulting in bleeding or serious injuries. Lacerations are generally found in the skin but can also happen to muscles or many internal organs.
An abscess is a bump beneath the skin’s surface that seems like a pimple but is more prominent in size. A skin abscess is typically filled with pus leading to swelling of the skin around it. It is quite a painful experience.
What is a Laceration?
In medical terms, a laceration is a cut-like wound in the skin that is caused by blunt trauma. It can be painful and bleed out, so immediate attention is needed in case of a laceration.
Lacerations can be caused due to following common reasons:
If a laceration happens due to accidents, you can immediately clean the wound and keep it closed so that you may not bleed out and dust is not allowed in.
Seek immediate medical attention if the laceration is deep.
A physical examination is enough to diagnose a laceration.
The physician will examine the wounds and clean & close them with bandages or through stitching (if it is a significant cut). It is advised to keep the bandages and not to let water or dust near the wound to prevent infection. A follow-up may be required depending on the severity of the cut.
An abscess, in simple terms, is a pocket full of pus. It can be inside the body or outside and can be extremely painful. A bacterial infection causes a spot.
There are mainly two types of abscesses;
A skin abscess can be identified through the painful lump in the skin. However, some other symptoms are:
An internal abscess can be identified through pain in the affected area, feeling generally unwell, etc. it can be harder to identify as it’s inside the body. There may not be many external symptoms at all. Or when they are, they can vary depending on the part of the body it is developed in. common symptoms are:
Skin abscesses are easier to diagnose through a physical examination. If the abscess has been there longer and is getting bigger, a pus sample is taken and sent for testing to identify the bacteria in it. So that adequate treatment can be given.
Internal abscesses are harder to diagnose since they cannot be seen. The physician inquired about existing conditions and symptoms, and tests such as a CT scan, MRI scan, or Ultrasound can be used to diagnose internal abscesses properly.
A skin abscess can happen anywhere in the body. It is most commonly found in:
An internal abscess can also be found in any of your organs. There are;
Treatment for abscesses includes draining them. Small abscesses under the skin cure themselves by shrinking and disappearing naturally. However, in the case of extensive abscesses, a doctor will drain the lump, clean the hole, pack it, and close it up. They are also treated with antibiotics.
The drainage is done by inserting a small needle into the lump or making a small incision on the top of the lump.
In the case of skin abscesses, following clean hygiene can almost prevent an abscess. You can
In internal abscesses, prevention is difficult as already existing conditions' side effects mainly cause it.