Employment and Pre-Employment Physicals

In today's job market, having the necessary skills and knowledge for a particular position is not enough. Physical fitness is also crucial in order to excel in the competitive selection process. Many employers now require job applicants to undergo employment and pre-employment physicals to assess their physical capabilities. Therefore, in the current scenario, if you are seeking a job, it is essential to not only have the required skills and knowledge, but also to be physically fit in order to outperform your competitors and increase your chances of being selected for the position.

In this post, we will explore the significance of employment and pre-employment physicals in the recruitment process of organizations, highlighting why they are a crucial aspect to consider.

What are Employment and Pre-Employment Physicals?

Employment and pre-employment physicals are examinations conducted by employers to assess the physical and medical fitness of new hires. These exams help employers determine if candidates are physically capable of effectively carrying out the responsibilities associated with the position.

In the past, physical exams were primarily conducted as part of the recruitment process for the defense sector services. However, nowadays, many companies have also incorporated physical exams as a part of their onboarding process.

The requirements of the physical exam may vary depending on the nature of the job position. For roles that involve extensive physical tasks, the physical exam for such positions may be more rigorous in order to ensure that candidates are physically capable of meeting the demands of the job.

An employment and pre-employment physical typically involves examining various physical and health-related components, such as stamina, strength, weight, vision, hearing, and vital signs. It may also include assessments of organ function, abdominal health, as well as screenings for alcohol and drug use, among other factors.

These tests are designed to accurately measure an individual's physical and mental well-being, providing employers with insights into whether the candidate is capable of meeting the job requirements.

Purpose of Employment and Pre-employment Physical

OThe primary purpose of conducting an employment and pre-employment physical is to assess the candidate's capacity to meet the physical demands of the job position. Other purposes may include:

Employment and pre-employment physicals also serve as a means to monitor potential health-related hazards in new hires. Through these tests, organizations can identify any underlying medical issues that may affect the employee's ability to perform their job duties effectively.

A physical test may also be conducted when employees return to work after an extended leave to ensure that they have regained the same strength and stamina they had prior to their absence. This helps to ensure that employees are physically capable of resuming their job responsibilities effectively.

It is important to note that there should be no discrimination among employees based on disabilities. Through the physical test, employers can ensure that employees with disabilities are able to take on job responsibilities under appropriate circumstances. This helps to promote inclusivity and equal opportunities in the workplace, ensuring that employees with disabilities are not unfairly excluded from job opportunities based solely on their physical abilities.

Employment and pre-employment tests are also useful in determining whether prospective employees have a history of drug abuse, including illegal drugs or prohibited medical prescriptions. This helps employers ensure that their workforce is composed of individuals who meet the organization's standards for a drug-free workplace, promoting safety and productivity.

Types of Employment and Pre-employment Physical

Employment and pre-employment physicals comprise various components that prospective employees are required to qualify for. These components typically include:

1. General Employment and Pre-Employment Physical

The initial and most fundamental component of the physical test typically includes essential body examinations such as measuring weight, height, vitals (such as temperature and blood pressure), hearing, vision, reflexes, as well as cardiovascular and respiratory health assessments. This helps to assess the overall physical condition and health status of the prospective employee.

In addition, the physician conducting the physical test may inquire about the candidates' current medication usage, ability to handle stress, and other relevant factors. This information provides insight into the candidates' medical history and their ability to cope with the demands of the job, ensuring that they are physically and mentally fit for the position.

2. Physical Ability and Stamina Test

For job positions that require heavy or intense labor, candidates must undergo a physical examination to assess their physical capabilities and stamina. This test evaluates the following qualities of a candidate:

  • Flexibility, power, stamina, and balance
  • Cardiovascular and respiratory health
  • Muscular tension
  • Attitude under physical pressure

These tests provide employers with valuable information about a candidate's physical abilities, ensuring that they are capable of meeting the physical demands of the job.

3. Drug Screening Test

A candidate should also pass a drug screening test to increase their chances of being selected for employment. This test is mandatory in some jobs where the responsibilities are high-risk. It includes alcohol screening, urine drug screening, saliva drug screening, hair drug screening, and sweats drug screening. Through this test, organizations ensure that the employees are non-alcoholic and do not have drugs.

4. Psychological Test

This test helps assess the well-being and mental health of the candidate. A medical professional will ask a series of questions to understand the candidate's psychology and stress-handling ability. This evaluation provides insights into the candidate's mental readiness to handle the demands of the job, ensuring a good fit for the organization.

During the evaluation, candidates may be asked about any past medical conditions they have experienced, history of depression or other mental health concerns, and their coping mechanisms for handling stressful situations in their lives. This information helps in understanding the candidate's medical history and ability to manage stress, ensuring their suitability for the job position.

How to Prepare for Employment and Pre-Employment Physical

The Employment and Pre-employment Physical tests encompass various health-related factors that cannot be changed, but candidates can take steps to prepare for the test. These may include:

  • Gather the employer's information regarding the job position's requirements, analyze it, and ensure you are meeting all the necessary criteria.
  • Arrange any aids you may require for the test, such as glasses, lenses, or hearing aids, promptly.
  • Ensure you have all the valid identification documents, such as your PAN Card, readily available.
  • If you have any prior medical conditions or have undergone any surgeries in the past, prepare a list of them to provide during the test.

Following these steps can help candidates be better prepared for their Employment and Pre-employment Physical tests, ensuring a smoother and more efficient testing process.


In today's fast-paced world, every company seeks versatile employees who can handle the mental stress of work and perform physical tasks. Such employees make significant contributions to a company's growth, and Employment and Pre-employment Physical tests help in recruiting these versatile individuals.

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