The immune system helps the body run efficiently in our day-to-day life. A healthy body is the result of good metabolism and catabolism. But our immune system can face some disturbances or react to foreign substances.
The human body's immune system shows multiple reactions to the environment. Allergies are one of the symptoms or reactions shown to any disturbances or reactions shown by the immune system.
Our immune system attacks groups of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses. In some cases, it doesn't fight, but it makes the person uncomfortable or sick. An allergic reaction can be due to pollen, dust, food, or mold.
Allergies are caused when a person consumes or breathes unwanted substances into his body or substances that disturb the surfaces of the skin. It can be either through direct contact or indirect contact.
The sensitivity or resistance to allergy-causing substances varies from person to person. Generally, people will have allergies to certain food substances and are also found with asthma. It is said that these allergic reactions arise in relation to the antibody produced by the body to those substances.
A person's general symptoms when he comes in contact with the allergen are itching nose, sneezing, coughing, runny nose and sometimes nausea. In severe cases, it may also lead to a condition called anaphylaxis, where there is the presence of severe allergic reactions. Most common examples of allergens to which the immune system reacts include the following list:
Every immune system reacts differently to the allergens or substances it comes in contact with. The allergic symptoms can be found on any body part or organs, including the eyes, nose, mouth, sinuses, and throat, where the allergen goes into direct contact. Some of the common symptoms observed in allergic reactions include the following.
These allergic reactions can be seen in people of any age or gender. It solely depends on the functioning of the immune system, like how it fights against germs and dust and how it reacts to each allergen (foreign substances).
If your body or immune system shows abnormal reactions to any substance, the first step is to approach your doctor to diagnose what is happening. In case+, if you have any allergy, the doctor may do one of the following tests to diagnose it.
The treatments for allergies depend on the age, immune system and how severe the allergy has affected the person. It also counts the affected person's general health. Generally, two ways are followed to treat allergies: medicines and allergy shots.
Allergy shots treat people who have asthma, conjunctivitis, or hay fever. A mixture is made and is given weekly until the maximum dose is reached for the person. Most people will get clear with this treatment. It can be immunotherapy, but it takes time, and the person must continue his allergy medications.
The most advanced alternative to allergy shots is one of the immunotherapy treatments called Sublingual immunotherapy. This can be done daily at home using the mouth. But now, it has been made available for only a few allergens.
Medicines are also made available. However, depending on the symptoms, these can be nasal sprays, ointments for itches and rashes, or oral medications.
Our responsibility is to keep ourselves hygienic and have strong immune systems. We should boost our immunity to fight against germs, dust, and other allergens. Preventive measures against allergens are also crucial.