STIs and STDs

Sexually transmitted infections, or STIs, are becoming a widespread concern as they can easily spread from person to person. According to reports, nearly one million people are affected by STIs worldwide, highlighting the need for increased awareness and education on the subject.

What Are STIs? 

STIs, or Sexually Transmitted Infections, are a growing concern worldwide. These infections are spread through sexual contact and can affect the reproductive and sexual organs of those affected.

Some common examples of STIs include Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and Trichomoniasis. These infections can be symptomless, but can lead to serious health problems such as cancer, infertility, pregnancy complications, and even HIV if left untreated. The majority of cases occur in individuals between the ages of 15-49, and the rate of infections is increasing each year. I

t is important to practice proper precautions and seek medical attention if symptoms arise to prevent the spread of STIs and potential health complications.

Additionally, STIs can also be spread from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.

Common Sexually Transmitted Infections

Some of the common STIs which are identified through their symptoms include:

  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Chlamydia
  • TrichomoniasisThese diseases are transmitted through sexual contact and can be treated and cured with proper medications and treatment.

However, there are other incurable viral infections related to STIs, including:

  • Hepatitis B
  • Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • HIV

Additionally, some new diseases that are also spread through sexual contact include monkeypox, Ebola, Zika, and Shigella sonnei, but these are not typically referred to as STIs or STDs.

Consequences Of STIs

STIs, or sexually transmitted infections, can have a significant impact on a person's sexual and reproductive health. They can lead to a variety of problems and suffering, including an increased risk of certain cancers, infertility, and other health issues. Some of the consequences of STIs include:

  • An increased risk of acquiring HIV infection for people with Gonorrhea, syphilis, and herpes viruses
  • A higher risk of cervical cancer development in women with HPV
  • Infertility in women caused by pelvic region inflammation from Gonorrhea and syphilis
  • STIs transmitted from mother to child during birth can lead to consequences such as neonatal birth, stillbirth, prematurity, low-weight birth, sepsis, neonatal conjunctivitis, and deformities in the child.

It is important to take precautions and seek proper medical treatment to prevent and manage STIs.

How To Prevent STIs?

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can be prevented by using condoms correctly during sexual contact. However, it's important to note that condoms may not provide complete protection against these infections and may sometimes lead to other types of infections, such as extra-genital ulcers. Prior vaccination against certain virally caused STIs, such as hepatitis B and HPV, can also help reduce the risk of infection.

Recent advancements in science and technology have led to the development of new medications for treating STIs. In 2020, a medicine for HPV was discovered and is currently being screened for use in developed countries. It is expected that medications for incurable diseases, such as cancer, will be developed by 2030. Additionally, research is ongoing in various countries to develop vaccines against STIs such as HIV and Gonorrhea.

Diagnosis Of STIs

STIs, or sexually transmitted infections, can often be symptomless, making it difficult to diagnose them. To diagnose STIs, doctors will often perform urine and blood tests in the laboratory, as well as take anatomical samples. These tests can sometimes give missed results, or result in a diagnosis of multiple STIs.

In well-developed countries, advanced technology and techniques are used to diagnose STIs quickly. However, in developing countries, access to these resources may be limited. Research is ongoing to develop new and faster technologies for diagnosing and treating STIs, including molecular-level technologies. Additionally, rapid and inexpensive tests for STIs such as syphilis, HIV, and Gonorrhea are also available for diagnosis.

In some cases, rapid and inexpensive tests for diagnosing STIs such as syphilis, HIV, and Gonorrhea are also available.  

Treatment Of STIs

STIs can be cured and treated. The treatment of STIs varies depending on the causal agent of the STIs. Some commonly used treatments include:

  • Antibiotics to treat bacterial STIs, such as Gonorrhea and Chlamydia.
  • Antiviral medications to treat viral STIs, such as herpes and HIV.

It's important to note that the treatment of STIs requires a proper diagnosis from a healthcare provider and should be followed through completion of the prescribed course of medication to ensure the infection is fully cleared. Additionally, practicing safe sex and regular testing are key to preventing and controlling the spread of STIs.


STIs, or Sexually Transmitted Infections, are a prevalent issue in today's society. As responsible members of our community, it is important for us to take steps to maintain our own health and well-being. One key way to do this is to be aware of the risks associated with unsafe sexual practices and to take steps to prevent the spread of STIs. By being informed and taking preventive measures, we can help to break the cycle of transmission and protect ourselves and our partners from these infections.

Book Appointment

Sign up for our newsletter

Tru Health Logo