Bruises are a common occurrence for everyone at some point in their life. They can occur on various parts of the body and come in various forms, including blue, black, and other color combinations. These colors indicate different effects or injuries on the body. While most bruises are harmless, some may require medical attention as they may indicate an underlying injury.
Our skin contains a large number of tiny blood vessels located between the skin and other tissues. These vessels can break when someone experiences an injury from falling, hitting a body part, or bumping into something hard. This results in blood flowing out of the vessels and collecting under the skin, causing the skin to turn blue, green, black, or other dark colors. This discoloration caused by broken blood vessels is known as a bruise. In some cases, the collected blood may form a lump, which can be more dangerous.
Bruises typically occur in three forms, depending on their location: Subcutaneous Bruises, Intramuscular Bruises, and Periosteal Bruises. Subcutaneous Bruises are the most common type, occurring beneath the skin. Intramuscular Bruises occur between the muscles, while Periosteal Bruises occur near the bones.
The primary symptom of a bruise is discoloration of the skin. The color of the bruise can indicate its age, as it goes through several stages:
Other symptoms of bruises may include:
There are many causes of Bruises, some of the main causes include:
Age also plays a role in bruising, as older individuals are more likely to get bruises frequently. As someone ages, their skin becomes thinner and blood vessels become more fragile, making them more susceptible to breaking and showing easily with minor hits or blows.
IIn most cases, bruises are not a major concern and can be treated at home using the following practices:
However, immediate medical help should be sought in the following cases:
Though widespread, bruises are a type of skin injury that many people know little about. As a result, people may take them too lightly or sometimes too seriously when the case is the opposite. Therefore, it is essential to understand the details of what pertains to bruises and how they should be treated in different cases for better health.