Every person in this world gets some or the other kind of bruise on different parts of their body at some point in their life. Since they occur frequently, they have become common and are most often overlooked. It comes in various forms, some blue, some black, and some in other color combinations, each indicating a different effect or injury on the body.
However, while most of the bruises are unharmful, others may require medical attention because the bruise might cause an underlying injury.
Under our skin, there are a large number of tiny blood vessels present which are between the skin and the other tissues. These blood vessels break when someone faces an injury due to falling or hitting a body part, or bumping into something stiff.
As a result, the blood flowing in these vessels spurge out of the vessels and collects under the skin. This collected blood turns the skin color into blue, green, black, or any other dark color. This skin coloration due to the bursting of blood vessels is thus called a bruise.
Sometimes the blood collected forms a lump and therefore becomes more dangerous.
The bruises generally occur in three forms. These three types of bruises, depending on their location, are:
The primary symptom of a bruise is discoloration of the skin. The color of the bruise indicates the age of the bruise. The bruise goes through the following few stages:
Apart from that, other symptoms of bruises are:
There are many causes of Bruises. However, some of the main causes that lead to a bruise are:
Apart from these, age matters a lot too. Elder people are more likely to get bruises frequently and quite frequently. The skin becomes thinner as someone ages, and the blood vessels become more fragile. So even a minor hit or blow may cause the blood vessels to break, and due to the thin layer of the skin, it tends to show more easily.
In most cases, the bruise is not a big concern and can even be treated at home using the following practices:
Please do not put the ice pack directly; always have it covered with a cloth to put on the bruise.
However, the bruise is dangerous, and thus immediate medical help should be taken in in any of the following cases:
Thus, though widespread, the bruise is a skin injury that people know little about. As a result, they take it too lightly or sometimes too seriously when the case is the opposite.
Thus it is essential to know the details of what pertains to bruises and how they should be cured in different cases for better health.