Cancer is considered a group of diseases. In cancer, the uncontrollable growth and spread of abnormal cells take place. Generally, the normal cells that become damaged in our body die or are replaced by other healthy cells. But in the case of cancer, the cells keep on dividing and spreading, creating tumors that interfere with the proper functioning of the body.
Cancer can be developed in any part of the body. It can spread from the organs to the tissues, bones, or even blood. Cancers are also given different names based on where cancer originated. The different names of cancer are lung, breast, prostate, and many more.
But do you know different cancers also share common characteristics? Such as-
Warning Signs and Symptoms of Cancer
Cancer is considered one of the most complex diseases. People cannot always manifest cancer with the symptoms. Some cancers are silent and unpredictable. These silent cancers are known to the person at the last stage of cancer and lead to death.
While some cancers can be predictable with the help of the symptoms. Some of the warning signs and symptoms are given below –
If you or anyone around you faces these symptoms, consult with the doctor immediately. If you are facing these symptoms, it does not always mean you have cancer. Cancer can sometimes be genetic, and if you have a history of cancer in your family and have been facing any of the symptoms, talk to your doctor.
A variety of factors can cause cancer. Sometimes it can be genetic, sometimes it can be due to lifestyle, or sometimes it can be caused by environmental factors.
Let us look at the risk factors which can lead to cancer –
Diagnosing cancer involves a series of tests. First, a physical exam is taken, then imaging tests and a biopsy. Now you might be wondering what biopsy means – it is a process where a small tissue sample of the affected area is taken out and examined under a microscope to determine whether it is cancerous.
Once cancer has been diagnosed, treatment starts based on the type and stage of cancer and the patient's age, overall health, and other factors.
Some of the common treatments for cancer are –
Prevention: Lifestyle Changes for Cancer Prevention
There are many ways to prevent cancer, but certain studies show lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of developing the disease.
Regular cancer screenings, such as mammograms, colonoscopies, and Pap tests, can also help detect cancer early when it is most treatable. Talking to your healthcare provider about when to start regular cancer screenings is important.
Cancer is a disease that touches many lives. While there is no guaranteed way to prevent or cure cancer, understanding the disease, recognizing the signs and symptoms, undergoing regular screening, and making healthy lifestyle choices can significantly reduce the risk of developing the disease.