All You Need to Know About Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases
January 27, 2023
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are contagious diseases that are typically spread through sexual activity. Individuals can contract an STI by engaging in unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who is already infected with an STI. These infections are primarily transmitted through the exchange of bodily fluids such as semen, blood, and saliva. It's important to note that STIs can also be transmitted through non-sexual means, such as blood transfusions or from an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy or childbirth. As a result, it's crucial to practice safe sex and undergo regular testing to protect yourself and your sexual partners from the spread of STIs.
Various types of STDs are there. However, some commonly found STDs are as follows:
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a widespread sexually transmitted disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The immune system of an individual gets severely impacted by this virus, leading to increased vulnerability to infections caused by bacteria and viruses. HIV diminishes the body's ability to fight against diseases, making the individual prone to multiple illnesses over time. It is vital to take preventative measures against AIDS/HIV to maintain a healthy immune system.
If HIV is diagnosed and treated promptly, it is curable. However, if left untreated and undetected, it can progress into AIDS, an irreversible condition that significantly reduces an individual's life expectancy to approximately three years. It is essential to seek proper treatment for HIV at an early stage to prevent it from developing into AIDS.
Symptoms of AIDS are as follows:
Rapid weight loss
These are some of the most prevalent health issues that people face. It is essential to prioritize one's health and seek medical attention if any of these symptoms occur. Early detection and timely treatment can help in preventing further complications and ensure a better quality of life.
2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Common infections such as Trichomoniasis, Gonorrhea, and Chlamydia can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) if left untreated. PID is an infection that affects a female's reproductive organs, causing infertility. Fortunately, antibiotics can cure PID if it's diagnosed at an early stage. Although some women may not experience any symptoms, others may exhibit signs of PID. Therefore, it's important to seek medical attention promptly if you suspect you have an infection.
These signs are as follows:
Having painful, irregular, or heavy vaginal bleeding
Tertiary syphilis is the third and final stage of syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease that can go undetected if left untreated in earlier stages. It can be difficult to identify its symptoms as they resemble those of other diseases. Tertiary syphilis typically begins with the development of a painless sore in the genital, anal, or oral region. Without timely treatment, it can progress to the latent phase and remain asymptomatic. It may take up to 10-30 years after the initial infection for tertiary syphilis to develop. Therefore, it's crucial to seek medical attention promptly if you suspect you may have syphilis.
Symptoms of Tertiary Syphilis are as follows:
Loss of hearing and vision
Loss of memory
Infection on the spinal cord
Infection on the brain and poor mental health
4. Genital Warts
Genital warts, also known as "Condylona Acuminatum," are a prevalent sexually transmitted disease caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). It can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact with an infected individual or through unprotected anal, vaginal, or oral intercourse. These soft growths can appear on a person's genital area and cause discomfort, itching, and pain. If left untreated, they can enlarge and cause even more discomfort and pain. Therefore, timely treatment is essential. If you suspect you may have genital warts, seek medical attention promptly.
Common indications of genital warts are as follows:
5. Genital Herpes
Herpes simplex virus is a prevalent sexually transmitted disease that causes herpetic sores. These painful blisters can appear on a person's genital area, causing a burning sensation when they rupture and discharge fluid. The virus responsible for genital herpes enters the body through mucous membranes or skin abrasions in the mouth, nose, or genital area. If you suspect you may have genital herpes, seek medical attention promptly. Early treatment can alleviate symptoms and reduce the risk of transmission to others.
The Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) can be present in an individual's saliva, vaginal secretions, and semen.
Symptoms of Genital Herpes can seem like:
Pain or itchiness in the genitals
Small blisters or red bumps
Treatment For Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Common STDs caused by bacteria and parasites can be treated and cured with antibiotics, while viral infections such as HIV cannot be cured. However, there are medications available to manage symptoms and decrease the chances of spreading the infection.
Taking precautions can significantly decrease the risk of contracting Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Utilizing protection during sexual activities, such as high-quality condoms, is one effective method. Additionally, practicing good intimate hygiene can also aid in preventing infections.
Prevention is always better than a cure, and this holds particularly true for STDs. Taking proactive measures is the most effective way to avoid contracting an STD. If experiencing any symptoms of an STD, it is crucial to seek medical attention promptly and undergo a thorough examination to mitigate future risks.
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